Neutron reactions and nuclear cosmo-chronology

M. Mosconi, M. Heil, F. Kappeler, A. Mengoni, R. Plag, K. Fujii, R. Gallino, G. Aerts, R. Terlizzi, U. Abbondanno, H. Alvarez-Pol, F. Alvarez-Velarde, S. Andriamonje, J. Andrzejewski, P. Assimakopoulos, L. Audouin, G. Badurek, P. Baumann, F. Bevcar, E. BerthoumieuxS. Bisterzo, F. Calvino, D. Cano-Ott, R. Capote, A. Carrillo de Albornoz, P. Cennini, V. Chepel, E. Chiaveri, N. Colonna, G. CorteS, A. Couture, J. Cox, M. Dahlfors, S. David, I. Dillman, R. Dolfini, C. Domingo Pardo, W. Dridi, I. Duran, C. Eleftheriadis, M. Embid-Segura, L. Ferrant, A. Ferrari, R. Ferreira-Marques, L. Fitzpatrick, H. Frais-Koelbl, W. Furman, I. Goncalves, E. Gonzalez-Romero, A. Goverdovski, F. Gramegna, E. Griesmayer, C. Guerrero, F. Gunsing, B. Haas, R. Haight, A. Herrera-Martinez, M. Igashira, S. Isaev, E. Jericha, Y. Kadi, D. Karamanis, D. Karadimos, M. Kerveno, V. Ketlerov, P. Koehler, V. Konovalov, E. Kossionides, M. Krticka, C. Lamboudis, H. Leeb, A. Lindote, I. Lopes, M. Lozano, S. Lukic, J. Marganiec, L. Marques, S. Marrone, P. Mastinu, P. M. Milazzo, C. Moreau, F. Neves, H. Oberhummer, M. Oshima, S. O'Brien, J. Pancin, C. Papachristodoulou, C. Papadopoulos, C. Paradela, N. Patronis, A. Pavlik, P. Pavlopoulos, L. Perrot, A. Plompen, A. Plukis, A. Poch, C. Pretel, J. Quesada, T. Rauscher, R. Reifarth, M. Rosetti, C. Rubbia, G. Rudolf, P. Rullhusen, J. Salgado, L. Sarchiapone, I. Savvidis, C. Stephan, G. Tagliente, J. L. Tain, L. Tassan-Got, L. Tavora, G. Vannini, P. Vaz, A. Ventura, D. Villamarin, M. C. Vincente, V. Vlachoudis, R. Vlastou, F. Voss, S. Walter, H. Wendler, M. Wiescher, K. Wisshak

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Citations (Scopus)


The beta-decay of Re-187 (t(1/2) = 42.3 Gyr) represents a suited cosmo-chronometer for the age of the r-process abundances, since the radiogenic part of the daughter isotope (OS)-O-187 is defined by the difference between the solar Os-187 abundance and s-process contribution to Os-187. The latter component can be determined via the s-process systematics based on the stellar neutron capture cross sections of Os-186 and Os-187. The laboratory cross section of Os-187 requires a significant correction for the effect of the low-lying excited state at 9.75 keV, which is strongly populated under stellar conditions. This theoretical correction can be improved by an experimental cross section for inelastic scattering to the 9.75 keV state. High resolution time-of-flight measurements of (n, gamma) cross sections of (OS)-O-186,187,188 from I eV to I MeV at CERN n-TOF facility are reported. The inferred stellar cross sections differ from previously recommended values. In addition, the inelastic scattering cross section has been measured at 30 keV neutron energy via time-of-flight at the Karlsruhe 3.7 MV Van de Graaff. The implications of these results for the Re/Os clock are discussed. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProgress in Particle and Nuclear Physics
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007
EventInternational Workshop on Nuclear Physics/28th Course Radioactive Beams, Nuclear Dynamics and Astrophysics - Erice, Italy
Duration: 16 Sept 200624 Sept 2006

Publication series

NameProgress in Particle and Nuclear Physics
ISSN (Print)0146-6410


ConferenceInternational Workshop on Nuclear Physics/28th Course Radioactive Beams, Nuclear Dynamics and Astrophysics


  • AGE
  • neutron capture
  • Re/Os cosmo-chronometer
  • s process
  • Stellar cross sections
  • inelastic scattering


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