Non-standard working time: An international and comparative analysis

Suzanne Richbell, Michael Brookes, Chris Brewster, Geoffrey Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


This paper uses the large-scale Cranet data to explore the extent of non-standard working time (NSWT) across Europe and to highlight the contrasts and similarities between two different varieties of capitalism (coordinated market economies and liberal market economies). We explore variations in the extent of different forms of NSWT (overtime, shift working and weekend working) within these two different forms of capitalism, controlling for firm size, sector and the extent of employee voice. Overall, there was no strong link between the variety of capitalism and the use of overtime and weekend working though shift working showed a clear distinction between the two varieties of capitalism. Usage of NSWT in some service sectors was particularly high under both forms of capitalism and service sector activities had a particularly marked influence on the use of overtime in liberal market economies. Surprisingly, strong employee voice was associated with greater use of NSWT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)945-962
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Non-standard working time
  • Overtime
  • Shift working
  • Weekend working


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