Nucleosynthesis in neutrino heated matter: The νp-process and the r-process

G. Martínez-Pinedo, A. Kelić, K. Langanke, K. H. Schmidt, D. Mocelj, C. Fröhlich, F. K. Thielemann, I. Panov, T. Rauscher, M. Liebendörfer, N. T. Zinner, B. Pfeiffer, R. Buras, H. Th Janka

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


This manuscript reviews recent progress in our understanding of the nucleosynthesis of medium and heavy elements in supernovae. Recent hydrodynamical models of core-collapse supernovae show that a large amount of proton rich matter is ejected under strong neutrino fluxes. This matter constitutes the site of the n p-process where antineutrino absorption reactions catalyze the nucleosynthesis of nuclei with A > 64. Supernovae are also associated with the r-process responsible for the synthesis of the heaviest elements in nature. Fission during the r-process can play a major role in determining the final abundance patter and in explaining the almost universal features seen in metal-poor r-process-rich stars.

Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of Science
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Event9th International Symposium on Nuclear Astrophysics - Nuclei in the Cosmos, NIC 2006 - Geneva, Switzerland
Duration: 25 Jun 200630 Jun 2006


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