The complete nucleotide sequence of Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (CYSDV) RNA 2, a whitefly (Bemisia tabaci)-transmitted closterovirus with a bi-partite genome, is reported. CYSDV RNA 2 is 7,281 nucleotides long and contains the closterovirus hallmark gene array with a similar arrangement to the prototype member of the genus Crinivirus, Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV). CYSDV RNA 2 contains open reading frames (ORFs) potentially encoding in a 5′ to 3′ direction for proteins of 5 kDa (ORF 1; hydrophobic protein), 62 kDa (ORF 2; heat shock protein 70 homolog, HSP70h), 59 kDa (ORF 3; protein of unknown function), 9 kDa (ORF 4; protein of unknown function), 28.5 kDa (ORF 5; coat protein, CP), 53 kDa (ORF 6; coat protein minor, CPm), and 26.5 kDa (ORF 7; protein of unknown function). Pairwise comparisons of CYSDV RNA 2-encoded proteins (HSP70h, p59 and CPm) among the closteroviruses showed that CYSDV is closely related to LIYV. Phylogenetic analysis based on the amino acid sequence of the HSP70h, indicated that CYSDV clusters with other members of the genus Crinivirus, and it is related to Little cherry virus-1 (LChV-1), but is distinct from the aphid- or mealybug-transmitted closteroviruses.