Numerical study of real gas effects during bubble collapse using a disequilibrium multiphase model

Andreas Papoutsakis, Saeed Bidi, Phoevos Koukouvinis Koukouvinis , Armand Shams , Manolis Gavaises

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An explicit density-based solver of the Euler equations for inviscid and immiscible gas–liquid flow media is coupled with real-fluid thermodynamic equations of state supporting mild dissociation and calibrated with shock tube data up to 5000 K and 28 GPa. The present work expands the original 6-equation disequilibrium method by generalising the numerical approach required for estimating the equilibrium pressure in computational cells where both gas and liquid phases co-exist while enforcing energy conservation for all media. An iterative numerical procedure is suggested for taking into account the properties of the gas content as derived from highly non-linear real gas equations of state and implemented in a tabulated form during the numerical solution. The developed method is subsequently used to investigate gaseous bubble collapse cases considering both spherical and 2D asymmetric arrangements as induced by the presence of a rigid wall. It is demonstrated that the predicted maximum temperatures are strongly influenced by the equations of state used; the real gas model predicts a temperature reduction in the bubble interior up to 41% space-averaged and 50% locally during the collapse phase compared to the predictions obtained with the aid of the widely used ideal gas approximation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number106175
Number of pages19
JournalUltrasonics Sonochemistry
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2022


  • Bubble collapse
  • Real gas data
  • Tabulated EoS
  • Thermal effect


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