Performance Evaluation of 3D-Printed ABS and Carbon Fiber-reinforced ABS Polymeric Spur Gears

Vigneshwaran Karupaiah, Venkateshwaran Narayanan, Rajini Nagarajan, Sikiru O. Ismail, Faruq Mohammad, Hamad A. Al-Lohedan, Kumar Krishnan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) polymer and carbon fiber reinforced acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (CF/ABS) spur gears were 3D-printed using fusion deposition modeling (FDM) with different fillet radii of 0.25, 0.50, and 0.75 mm. The performance of the fabricated gears was studied with the effect of fillet radius on varying load and speed conditions. The thermal properties of the gears were also investigated. The results indicated that 3D-printed CF/ABS spur gear exhibited better performance than the pure ABS. The 3D-printed CF/ABS gear with fillet radius of 0.25 mm recorded the highest wear and thermal stresses. However, the optimum performance was exhibited by the gear sample with highest fillet radius of 0.75 mm. Repeated gear tooth loading during service caused an increase in gear temperature due to the hysteresis and friction. Using optical microscopy, the tooth structures of both 3D-printed ABS and CF/ABS spur gears were analyzed before and after loading conditions to establish their failure mechanism. Evidently, various applications of the FDM 3D-printed spur gears depend on their different performances under loads and operating speeds. The methods and findings of this work can be regarded as helpful for future related work related to cellulosic reinforcing particles in a polymer matrix.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2796-2810
Number of pages15
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 18 Mar 2024


  • 3D-printed spur gears
  • ABS polymer
  • Failure analysis
  • Gear test rig
  • Performance evaluation


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