Performance-guided neural network for rapidly self-organising active network management

Sin Wee Lee, Dominic Palmer-Brown, Christopher M. Roadknight

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


We present a neural network for real-time learning and mapping of patterns using an external performance indicator. In a non-stationary environment where new patterns are introduced over time, the learning process utilises a novel snap-drift algorithm that performs fast, convergent, minimalist learning ( snap ) when the overall network performance is poor and slower, more cautious learning ( drift ) when the performance is good. Snap is based on a modified form of Adaptive Resonance Theory (CGIP 37(1987)54); and drift is based on Learning Vector Quantization (LVQ) (Proc. IJCNN 1(1990a)545). The two are combined within a semi-supervised learning system that shifts its learning style whenever it receives a significant change in performance feedback. The learning is capable of rapid re-learning and re-stabilisation, according to changes in external feedback or input patterns. We have incorporated this algorithm into the design of a modular neural network system, Performance-guided Adaptive Resonance Theory (P-ART) (Proc. IJCNN 2(2003)1412; Soft computing systems: Design, Management and application, IOS Press, Netherland, 2002; pp. 21-31). Simulation results show that the system discovers alternative solutions in response to significant changes in the input patterns and/or in the environment, which may require similar patterns to be treated differently over time. The simulations involve attempting to optimise the selection of network services in a non-stationary, real-time active computer network environment, in which the factors influencing the required selections are subject to change.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-20
Number of pages16
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2004


  • Adaptive resonance theory
  • Learning vector quantization
  • P-ARTPerformance indicator
  • Snap-drift


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