Phase Change Convective Heat Transfer in High Porosity Cellular Metal Foams (Chapter 9)

Yuan Tian, C.Y. Zhao, Q. Wang

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)


    This Chapter discusses phase change convective heat transfer of high porosity cellular metal foams and their practical applications in thermal energy storage (TES). The following theoretical aspects are covered: volume-averaging method, Brinkman-Forchheimer porous flow model, two-equation non-thermal equilibrium heat transfer model, enthalpy method, and phase field method. Based on these models, metal foams have been investigated in two applications: metal foam-embedded phase change materials (PCMs), and metal foam-enhanced cascaded TES. The results indicate that metal foams can improve heat and exergy transfer rates in these applications by factors between 2 and 10.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationFocus on Porous Media Research
    Place of PublicationNew York, USA
    PublisherNova Science Publishers
    Number of pages27
    ISBN (Print)9781626186682, 1626186685
    Publication statusPublished - 2013


    • metal foam
    • Heat Transfer Enhancement
    • volume-averaging method
    • permeability
    • Phase Change Materials
    • Phase Field Model


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