Dementia-friendly communities (DFCs) are a policy-endorsed approach to community engagement in England that promotes social inclusion to enable people affected by dementia to live well. Research suggests that physical activity is beneficial in encouraging social connection and improving health. A mixed method sequential study design in England involving a national survey (n = 31) and semi structured interviews (n = 65) in three DFCs was carried out. The aim was to understand how DFC senable people affected by dementia to participate in physical activities. An evaluation framework for DFCs was used to organize and interpret the data, and analysis was informed by the inclusive (social) citizen lens. Findings showed that DFCs offered a range of adapted dementia-inclusive and dementia-specific activities; however, people were not routinely offered information at time of diagnosis. Local authorities (councils) were key to enable access to information and infrastructure change to support sustainable inclusion within their local community.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-386
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity (JAPA)
Issue number3
Early online date27 Jan 2024
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2024


  • disability
  • participation
  • qualitative research
  • survey
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Humans
  • Social Support
  • England
  • Male
  • Exercise
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Aged
  • Dementia


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