Presence of music while eating: Effects on energy intake, eating rate and appetite sensations

Eirini Mamalaki, Konstantina Zachari, Eleni Karfopoulou, Efthimios Zervas, Mary Yannakoulia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The role of music in energy and dietary intake of humans is poorly understood. The purpose of the present laboratory study was to examine the effect of background music, its presence and its intensity, on energy intake, eating rate and appetite feelings. The study had a randomized crossover design. Twenty-six normal weight and overweight/obese men participated in random order in three trials: the control trial (no music was playing), the 60dB and the 90dB music trials, while an ad libitum lunch was consumed. Visual analogue scales for hunger, fullness/satiety, as well as desire to eat were administered to the participants. Energy intake at the ad libitum lunch did not differ between trials, even when covariates were taken into account. There were no statistically significant differences between trials on meal characteristics, such as meal duration, number of servings, number of bites eaten and on appetite indices. Future studies are needed to replicate these results and investigate the effect of different types of music and/or sound.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-33
Number of pages3
JournalPhysiology & Behavior
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2016


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