Radio Galaxy Zoo: discovery of a poor cluster through a giant wide-angle tail radio galaxy

J. K. Banfield, H. Andernach, A. D. Kapinska, L. Rudnick, M. J. Hardcastle, G. Cotter, S. Vaughan, T. W. Jones, I. Heywood, J. D. Wing, O. I. Wong, T. Matorny, I. A. Terentev, A. R. Lopez-Sanchez, R. P. Norris, N. Seymour, S. S. Shabala, K. W. Willett

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We have discovered a previously unreported poor cluster of galaxies (RGZ-CL J0823.2+0333) through an unusual giant wide-angle tail radio galaxy found in the Radio Galaxy Zoo project. We obtained a spectroscopic redshift of $z=0.0897$ for the E0-type host galaxy, 2MASX J08231289+0333016, leading to M$_r = -22.6$ and a $1.4\,$GHz radio luminosity density of $L_{\rm 1.4} = 5.5\times10^{24}$ W Hz$^{-1}$. These radio and optical luminosities are typical for wide-angle tailed radio galaxies near the borderline between Fanaroff-Riley (FR) classes I and II. The projected largest angular size of $\approx8\,$arcmin corresponds to $800\,$kpc and the full length of the source along the curved jets/trails is $1.1\,$Mpc in projection. X-ray data from the XMM-Newton archive yield an upper limit on the X-ray luminosity of the thermal emission surrounding RGZ J082312.9+033301,at $1.2-2.6\times10^{43}$ erg s$^{-1}$ for assumed intra-cluster medium temperatures of $1.0-5.0\,$keV. Our analysis of the environment surrounding RGZ J082312.9+033301 indicates that RGZ J082312.9+033301 lies within a poor cluster. The observed radio morphology suggests that (a) the host galaxy is moving at a significant velocity with respect to an ambient medium like that of at least a poor cluster, and that (b) the source may have had two ignition events of the active galactic nucleus with $10^7\,$yrs in between. This reinforces the idea that an association between RGZ J082312.9+033301, and the newly discovered poor cluster exists.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2376-2384
Number of pages9
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number3
Early online date5 May 2016
Publication statusPublished - 11 Aug 2016


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