Recycling of fly ash-slag Geopolymer binder in mortar mixes

Napoleana-Anna Chaliasou, Andrew Heath, Kevin Paine

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Fly ash-slag based Geopolymer cement (GPC) has demonstrated mechanical properties and environmental advantages that make it one of predominant sustainable alternatives to Portland cement (PC). Despite the fact that numerous environmental analyses about geopolymers are being published, their environmental impact after the end of service-life has barely been explored. Given that construction-waste management is a major sustainability issue, the present study is investigating the potential of recycling fly ash-slag GPC as a fine aggregate in mortar mixes. The major physical properties of the fine recycled aggregates (FRA) were tested and compared to those of PC FRA and natural sand of similar fineness. The effect of incorporating FRA in low (25%) and high (50%) percentage in PC or GPC matrix mortars was investigated. The 28day compressive and flexural strength of mortars were tested. Also the 28day water absorption and flow of mixes incorporating GPC FRA were recorded. GPC FRA exhibited properties similar to those of PC FRA and poorer than those of natural sand. The results of compressive and flexural strength proved that FRA addition had a negligible effect in all cases. The influence of the high water absorption of GPC FRA, relatively to that of natural sand, was prominent on the workability of fresh mixes and possibly affected the water absorption of mortar prisms. The effect of GPC FRA proved to be similar to that of PC FRA on compressive strength, while none of the tested mortar properties appeared to be jeopardised by the incorporation of the GPC FRA in the mix
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2016
EventYoung Researchers' Forum III: Innovation in Construction Materials - Imperial College, London, United Kingdom
Duration: 12 Apr 201612 Apr 2016
Conference number: 3


ConferenceYoung Researchers' Forum III
Abbreviated titleYRF III: Innovation in Construction Materials
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
Internet address


  • Geopolymers
  • Recycled aggregates
  • Fly ash


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