The science and technology increasingly been providing advancements in innovative products. Particularly in the health score is eminent synergism between the materials used, their properties of biocompatibility, biofunctionality, processability, sterility and applicability area of the human body. The pharmaceutical sector to present great complexity requires multidisciplinary knowledge, up to date and in line with international trends. The National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA) has under its responsibility extensive range of goods, services and products, among them are correlates, which also includes medical devices. Medical devices are classified according to their risk in Brazil may present up to four classes, and classes III and IV which characterize the greatest risk. For some products, because of their health risk, it is compulsory Compliance Certification by the National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology (INMETRO) prior to granting its sanitary registry by ANVISA. From among the technical standards the INMETRO are the standards of the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (ABNT) and in his absence, the standards of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).Other technical and regulatory requirements must be included for the purpose of proving the safety and efficacy of products. However, the sanitary regulations inherent in this product category is still incipient in the country. The resourcefulness of the productive sector in this segment can be evidenced by the increase in new requests in ANVISA and its growth in the trade balance. However, there is little study and understanding of the regulated and regulatory sector concerning the mutual relationship between ANVISA, INMETRO and ABNT and on the sanitary regulation applicable to obtaining the approval of the product for consumption. In the context of the demands indicated the objective of this study was to evaluate the regulatory procedure applicable to the production chain of medical devices in order to understand the relationship between ANVISA, INMETRO and ABNT in ensuring quality, safety and efficacy of products. The methodology used in this study was the qualitative research. With the assistance of documentary research it was found that the Brazilian regulatory process is complex, specific and robust and has similar structure and requirements of the United States and European Union. The postmarketing monitoring is an international trend and ANVISA has adopted often aiming to monitor the quality of marketed products. The three institutions have defined and regulated competences and interrelation through advisory boards mechanisms. The case study characterized the profile of professionals in the regulated sector has a large percentage of training in health and post-graduate level, but the level of knowledge of the main concepts related to medical devices is partial, reinforcing the need for incentives training of human resources in health regulation.
|Publication status||Published - 6 Jun 2016|