Relationship between perceptions of ageing and frailty in English older adults

Krystal Warmoth, Mark Tarrant, Charles Abraham, Iain A. Lang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Older adults’ negative beliefs about ageing are related to their health and functioning, but little is known about how perceptions of ageing (POA) relate to frailty status. This study aimed to explore the relationship between POA and frailty. Secondary analysis of data used were from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing Waves 2 and 5. A POA score was based on participants’ responses to 12 statements using a five-point Likert scale at baseline, and a Frailty Index (FI) score was calculated for each participant for both waves. Multiple linear regression models were conducted to assess the relationship between POA and frailty cross-sectionally and longitudinally in models controlled for age, gender, depression symptoms, and socioeconomic status. Older adults with more negative POA had greater frailty (β =.12, p <.001). Negative POA predicted greater frailty 6 years later (β =.03, p <.05). Future work regarding the mechanisms of this relationship is needed to identify ways of intervening to improve health.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-474
Number of pages10
JournalPsychology, Health and Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 21 Apr 2018


  • attitudes toward ageing
  • ELSA
  • FI
  • Frail elderly
  • stereotyping


Dive into the research topics of 'Relationship between perceptions of ageing and frailty in English older adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this