School-level factors associated with teacher connectedness: A multilevel analysis of the structural and relational school determinants of young people’s health

Irene Garcia-Moya, Fiona Brooks, Neil Spencer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background Conducting research on the antecedents of teacher connectedness (TC) is key to inform intervention and policy that can leverage
the public health potential of teachers for young people’s well-being. As part of the EU-funded Teacher Connectedness Project, this study aims
to examine the contribution of a variety of school-level factors (including type of school, school size, student–teacher ratio, students per class
and teacher gender).
Methods Sample consisted of 5335 adolescents aged 11, 13 and 15 years that had participated in the HBSC study in England. Multilevel
multinomial regression was used to examine the contributions of sociodemographic and school-level factors to TC.
Results TC was lower in older adolescents and those from less affluent families, but similar in boys and girls. Regarding school-level factors, it
was not the size of the school but the ratio of students per teacher which was significantly associated to TC, with higher student–teacher ratio
being significantly associated with lower odds of medium-to-high TC. Some differences between mixed and all-girls schools were also found.
Conclusions Health promotion strategies targeting student–teacher relationships need to consider how TC changes by age and SES and give
attention to school-level factors, in particular the student–teacher ratio.
Keywords educational settings, social determinants, young people
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Public Health
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • educational settings
  • social determinants
  • young people

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