Spectral energy distribution and radio halo of NGC253 at low radio frequencies

A. D. Kapinska, L. Staveley-Smith, R. Crocker, G. R. Meurer, S. Bhandari, N. Hurley-Walker, A. R. Offringa, D. J. Hanish, N. Seymour, R. D. Ekers, M. E. Bell, J. R. Callingham, K. S. Dwarakanath, B. -Q. For, B. M. Gaensler, P. J. Hancock, Luke Hindson, M. Johnston-Hollitt, E. Lenc, B. McKinleyJ. Morgan, P. Procopio, R. B. Wayth, C. Wu, Q. Zheng, N. Barry, A. P. Beardsley, J. D. Bowman, F. Briggs, P. Carroll, J. S. Dillon, A. Ewall-Wice, L. Feng, L. J. Greenhill, B. J. Hazelton, J. N. Hewitt, D. J. Jacobs, H. -S. Kim, P. Kittiwisit, J. Line, A. Loeb, D. A. Mitchell, M. F. Morales, A. R. Neben, S. Paul, B. Pindor, J. C. Pober, J. Riding, S. K. Sethi, N. Udaya Shankar, R. Subrahmanyan, I. S. Sullivan, M. Tegmark, N. Thyagarajan, S. J. Tingay, C. M. Trott, R. L. Webster, S. B. Wyithe

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    Abstract

    We present new radio continuum observations of NGC253 from the Murchison Widefield Array at frequencies between 76 and 227 MHz. We model the broadband radio spectral energy distribution for the total flux density of NGC253 between 76 MHz and 11 GHz. The spectrum is best described as a sum of central starburst and extended emission. The central component, corresponding to the inner 500pc of the starburst region of the galaxy, is best modelled as an internally free-free absorbed synchrotron plasma, with a turnover frequency around 230 MHz. The extended emission component of the NGC253 spectrum is best described as a synchrotron emission flattening at low radio frequencies. We find that 34% of the extended emission (outside the central starburst region) at 1 GHz becomes partially absorbed at low radio frequencies. Most of this flattening occurs in the western region of the SE halo, and may be indicative of synchrotron self-absorption of shock re-accelerated electrons or an intrinsic low-energy cut off of the electron distribution. Furthermore, we detect the large-scale synchrotron radio halo of NGC253 in our radio images. At 154 - 231 MHz the halo displays the well known X-shaped/horn-like structure, and extends out to ~8kpc in z-direction (from major axis).
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number68
    Number of pages15
    JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
    Volume838
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2017

    Keywords

    • galaxies: halos
    • galaxies: individual (NGC 253)
    • galaxies: starburst
    • radiation mechanism: non-thermal
    • radiation mechanisms: thermal
    • radio continuum; galaxies

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