Stellar Atmospheric Parameters for Cool Dwarfs in Gaia Data Release 3

Cai-Xia Qu, A-Li Luo, Rui Wang, Hugh R. A. Jones, Bing Du, Xiang-Lei Chen, You-Fen Wang

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Abstract

We provide a catalog of atmospheric parameters for 1,806,921 cool dwarfs from Gaia Data Release 3 (DR3) that lie within the range covered by LAMOST cool dwarf spectroscopic parameters: 3200 K < T eff < 4300 K, −0.8 < [M/H] < 0.2 dex, and 4.5 < log g < 5.5 dex. Our values are derived based on machine-learning models trained with multiband photometry corrected for dust. The photometric data comprise optical data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey r, i, and z bands, near-infrared data from the Two Micron All Sky Survey J, H, and K bands, and mid-infrared data from the ALLWISE W1 and W2 bands. We used both random forest and light gradient boosting machine machine-learning models and found similar results from both, with an error dispersion of 68 K, 0.22 dex, and 0.05 dex for T eff, [M/H], and log g, respectively. Assessment of the relative feature importance of different photometric colors indicated W1 − W2 as most sensitive to both T eff and log g, with J − H being most sensitive to [M/H]. We find that our values show a good agreement with the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment, but are significantly different to those provided as part of Gaia DR3.
Original languageEnglish
Article number32
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume270
Issue number2
Early online date1 Feb 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2024

Keywords

  • M dwarf stars
  • Late-type dwarf stars

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