Structural and thermal analyses in semiconducting and metallic zigzag single-walled carbon nanotubes using molecular dynamics simulations

Ama tul Zahra, Aamir Shahzad, Alina Manzoor, Jamoliddin Razzokov, Qurat ul Ain Asif, Kun Luo, Guogang Ren

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Abstract

Equilibrium molecular dynamics (EMD) simulations have been performed to investigate the structural analysis and thermal conductivity (λ) of semiconducting (8,0) and metallic (12,0) zigzag single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) for varying ±γ(%) strains. For the first time, the present outcomes provide valuable insights into the relationship between the structural properties of zigzag SWCNTs and corresponding thermal behavior, which is essential for the development of high-performance nanocomposites. The radial distribution function (RDF) has been employed to assess the buckling and deformation understandings of the (8,0) and (12,0) SWCNTs for a wide range of temperature T(K) and varying ±γ(%) strains. The visualization of SWCNTs shows that the earlier buckling and deformation processes are observed for semiconducting SWCNTs as compared to metallic SWCNTs for high T(K) and it also evident through an abrupt increase in RDF peaks. The RDF and visualization analyses demonstrate that the (8,0) SWCNTs can more tunable under compressive than tensile strains, however, the (12,0) zigzag SWCNTs indicate an opposite trend and may tolerate more tensile than compressive strains. Investigations show that the tunable domain of ±γ(%) strains decreases from (-10%≤ γ ≤+19%) to (-5%≤ γ ≤+10%) for (8,0) SWCNTs and the buckling process shifts to lower ±γ(%) for (12,0) SWCNTs with increasing T(K). For intermediate-high T(K), the λ(T) of (12,0) SWCNTs is high but the (8,0) SWCNTs show certainly high λ(T) for low T(K). The present λ(T, ±γ) data are in reasonable agreement with parts of previous NEMD, GK-HNEMD data and experimental investigations with simulation results generally under predicting the λ(T, ±γ) by the ∼1% to ∼20%, regardless of the ±γ(%) strains, depending on T(K). Our simulation data significantly expand the strain range to -10% ≤ γ ≤ +19% for both zigzag SWCNTs, depending on temperature T(K). This extension of the range aims to establish a tunable regime and delve into the intrinsic characteristics of zigzag SWCNTs, building upon previous work.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0296916
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages16
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Molecular Dynamics Simulation
  • Nanotubes, Carbon/chemistry

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