Subclasses of Type Ia Supernovae as the origin of [α/Fe] ratios in dwarf spheroidal galaxies

Chiaki Kobayashi, Ken'ichi Nomoto, Izumi Hachisu

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Recent extensive observations of Type Ia Supernovae (SNe Ia) have revealed the existence of a diversity of SNe Ia, including SNe Iax. We introduce two possible channels in the single degenerate scenario: 1) double detonations in sub-Chandrasekhar (Ch) mass CO white dwarfs (WDs), where a thin He envelope is developed with relatively low accretion rates after He novae even at low metallicities, and 2) carbon deflagrations in Ch-mass possibly hybrid C+O+Ne WDs, where WD winds occur at [Fe/H] ~ -2.5 at high accretion rates. These subclasses of SNe Ia are rarer than `normal' SNe Ia and do not affect the chemical evolution in the solar neighborhood, but can be very important in metal-poor systems with stochastic star formation. In dwarf spheroidal galaxies in the Local Group, the decrease of [\alpha/Fe] ratios at [Fe/H] ~ -2 to -1.5 can be produced depending on the star formation history. SNe Iax give high [Mn/Fe], while sub-Ch-mass SNe Ia give low [Mn/Fe], and thus a model including a mix of the two is favoured by the available observations.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2015


  • astro-ph.GA
  • astro-ph.HE
  • astro-ph.SR


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