Submillimetre constraints on hyper-extremely red objects in the Subaru Deep Field

Kristen Coppin, M. Halpern, D. Scott, G. Marsden, F. Iwamuro, T. Maihara, K. Motohara, T. Totani

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We have mapped the submillimetre wavelength continuum emission from the Subaru Deep Field (SDF) at 450 and 850 μm with the Submillimetre Common-User Bolometer Array (SCUBA) detector on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. The near-infrared (IR) image of the SDF is one of the deepest near-IR images available and contains four 'hyper-extremely red objects' (HEROs). These data allow us to test the connection between 'extremely red objects' found in IR surveys and the population of bright submillimetre sources found with SCUBA. We present a weak measurement of the average flux of the four K′-band selected HEROs of 1.15 (±0.46) mJy, which fails to support the hypothesis that HEROs should be bright SCUBA sources. Our data are consistent with the HEROs being objects with spectral energy distributions like that of Arp 220 out to z ∼ 1.7, however, the extinction in the HEROs must be about 1 mag greater in the J band than is the case for Arp 220 and they would need to be 1.7 times as luminous as Arp 220. On the other hand, an evolutionary model of elliptical galaxies at z ∼ 2-3 in a dusty starburst phase is also in agreement with the submillimetre data, as was originally proposed for the HEROs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-198
Number of pages6
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2004


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