Substance Use Disorders and Violence

Fabrizio Schifano, Caroline Zangani, Stephania Chiappini, Amira Guirguis, Stefania Bonaccorso, John Corkery

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Abstract

Substance use seems to be associated with increased prevalence levels of violent behaviour in both general population and psychiatric patients, with ‘dual-diagnosis’ clients showing high rates of risky and criminal behaviour and worse therapy compliance. Cases of drug-related aggressiveness mostly involve a number of molecules, e.g. ethanol, stimulants, cannabinoids, opiates, benzodiazepines, synthetic cannabinoids and synthetic cathinones. Consumers of the virtually few hundred, and up to a few thousand, substances currently available may present to the emergency departments without providing information about the substances(s) ingested and it is likely that standard drug tests will show negative results. An appropriate treatment/management plan to cope with the related acute behavioural and psychopathological disturbances is here discussed. Because of the complex behavioural and medical toxicity issues associated with drug intake, raising awareness and education of healthcare professionals on drugs’ health harms, interventions, harm reduction techniques and referral pathways are here deemed of particular relevance.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationViolence and Mental Disorders
EditorsBernardo Carpiniello, Antonio Vita, Claudio Mencacci
Place of PublicationBasel, Switzerland
PublisherSpringer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Chapter6
Pages95-114
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-33188-7
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-33187-0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Publication series

NameComprehensive Approach to Psychiatry
Volume1

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Cannabinoids
  • Dual diagnosis
  • New psychoactive substances
  • NPS
  • Psychoactive substances
  • Substance-use disorder
  • Violence

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