SV2B /miR-34a/miR-128 axis as prognostic biomarker in glioblastoma multiforme

D. Mustafov, S. S. Siddiqui, L. Klena, Emmanouil Karteris, M. Braoudaki

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Abstract

Glioblastoma (GBM) is a heterogenous primary brain tumour that is characterised with unfavourable patient prognosis. The identification of biomarkers for managing brain malignancies is of utmost importance. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs implicated in cancer development. This study aimed to assess the prognostic significance of miRNAs and their gene targets in GBM. An in silico approach was employed to investigate the differentially expressed miRNAs in GBM. The most dysregulated miRNAs were identified and analysed via Sfold in association with their gene target. The candidate gene was studied via multi-omics approaches, followed by in vitro and in vivo experiments. The in silico analyses revealed that miR-128a and miR-34a were significantly downregulated within GBM. Both miRNAs displayed high binding affinity to the synaptic vesicle glycoprotein 2B (SV2B) 3′ untranslated region (3′UTR). SV2B exhibited upregulation within brain regions with high synaptic activity. Significantly higher SV2B levels were observed in high grade brain malignancies in comparison to their normal counterparts. SV2B expression was observed across the cytoplasm of GBM cells. Our findings underscored the downregulated expression patterns of miR-128a and miR-34a, alongside the upregulation of SV2B in GBM suggesting the importance of the SV2B/miR-34a/miR-128 axis as a potential prognostic approach in GBM management.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6647
Number of pages13
JournalScientific Reports
Volume14
Issue number1
Early online date19 Mar 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Mar 2024

Keywords

  • Brain Neoplasms/pathology
  • Brain/metabolism
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Glioblastoma/pathology
  • Humans
  • MicroRNAs/genetics
  • Prognosis

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