The difficult task of predicting the costs of community-based mental health care. A comprehensive case register study

V Donisi, J Jones, R Pertile, D Salazzari, L Grigoletti, M Tansella, F Amaddeo

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18 Citations (Scopus)
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BACKGROUND: Previous studies have attempted to forecast the costs of mental health care, using clinical and individual variables; the inclusion of ecological measures could improve the knowledge of predictors of psychiatric service utilisation and costs to support clinical and strategic decision-making.

METHODS: Using a Psychiatric Case Register (PCR), all patients with an ICD-10 psychiatric diagnosis, who had at least one contact with community-based psychiatric services in the Verona Health District, Northern Italy, were included in the study (N = 4558). For each patient, one year's total cost of care was calculated by merging service contact data with unit cost estimates and clinical and socio-demographic variables were collected. A socio-economic status (SES) index was developed, as a proxy of deprivation, using census data. Multilevel multiple regression models, considering socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of patients as well as socioeconomic local characteristics, were estimated to predict costs.

RESULTS: The mean annual cost for all patients was 2,606.11 Euros; patients with an ongoing episode of care and with psychosis presented higher mean costs. Previous psychiatric history represented the most significant predictor of cost (36.99% R2 increase) and diagnosis was also a significant predictor but explained only 4.96% of cost variance. Psychiatric costs were uniform throughout the Verona Health District and SES characteristics alone contributed towards less than 1% of the cost variance.

CONCLUSIONS: For all patients of community-based psychiatric services, a comprehensive model, including both patients' individual characteristics and socioeconomic local status, was able to predict 43% of variance in costs of care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-56
Number of pages12
JournalEpidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2011


  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Community Mental Health Services
  • Female
  • Health Care Costs
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders
  • Mental Health
  • Middle Aged
  • Registries
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Young Adult
  • Journal Article


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