The Effect of Height on Drop Jumps in Relation to Somatic Parameters and Landing Kinetics

Krzysztof Mackala, Samo Rauter, Jozef Simenko, Robi Kreft, Jacek Stodolka, Jozef Krizaj, Milan Coh, Janez Vodicar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The aim of this study was to assess the effect of drop height and selected somatic parameters on the landing kinetics of rebound jumps in force and power production, performed by male and female student athletes. Twenty female and forty male students with a sports background participated in the experiment (mean and standard deviation (± SD): age 20.28 ± 1.31 years, height 166.78 ± 5.29 cm, mass 62.23 ± 7.21 kg and 21.18 ± 1.29, 182.18 ± 6.43, 78.65 ± 7.09). Each participant performed three maximal jumps on two independent and synchronized force platforms (Bilateral Tensiometric Platform S2P) at each of the two assigned drop-jump heights (20-, and 40-, cm for female and 30-, and 60-, cm for the male special platform). Significant between-sex differences were observed in all variables of selected somatics, with men outperforming women. Statistically significant differences were noted in four parameters, between men and women, in both DJs from 20/40 and 30/60 cm. The height of the jump was 6 cm and 4 cm higher for men. A slightly higher statistical significance (p = 0.011) was demonstrated by the relative strength (% BW) generated by the left limb in both men and women. Only women showed a significant relationship between body mass, body height, and five parameters, dropping off of a 20 cm box. In men, only the left leg-relative maximal F (p =-0.45)-showed a relationship with body mass. There were no relationships between the above-mentioned dependencies in both groups, in jumps from a higher height: 40 cm and 60 cm. From a practical application, the DJ with lower 20/30 cm or higher 40/60 cm (women/men) respectively emphasizes either the force or power output via an increase in the velocity component of the rebound action or increased height of the DJ jump.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH)
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 13 Aug 2020


  • Athletes
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Leg
  • Male
  • Motor Activity/physiology
  • Sports
  • Young Adult


Dive into the research topics of 'The Effect of Height on Drop Jumps in Relation to Somatic Parameters and Landing Kinetics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this