The Effects of Caffeine Supplementation on Physiological Responses to Submaximal Exercise in Endurance-Trained Men.

Mark Glaister, Benjamin Henley Williams, Daniel Muniz, Carlos Balsalobre-Fernández, Paul Foley

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10 Citations (Scopus)
54 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objectives
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of caffeine on physiological responses to submaximal exercise, with a focus on blood lactate concentration ([BLa]).
Methods
Using a randomised, single-blind, crossover design; 16 endurance-trained, male cyclists (age: 38 ± 8 years; height: 1.80 ± 0.05 m; body mass: 76.6 ± 7.8 kg; V_ O2max: 4.3 ± 0.6 Lmin-1) completed four trials on an electromagnetically-braked cycle ergometer. Each trial consisted of a six-stage incremental test (3 minute stages) followed by 30 minutes of passive recovery. One hour before trials 2–4, participants ingested a capsule containing 5 mgkg-1 of either caffeine or placebo (maltodextrin). Trials 2 and 3 were designed to evaluate the
effects of caffeine on various physiological responses during exercise and recovery. In contrast, Trial 4 was designed to evaluate the effects of caffeine on [BLa] during passive recovery from an end-exercise concentration of 4 mmolL-1.
Results
Relative to placebo, caffeine increased [BLa] during exercise, independent of exercise intensity (mean difference: 0.33 ± 0.41 mmolL-1; 95% likely range: 0.11 to 0.55 mmolL-1), but did not affect the time-course of [BLa] during recovery (p = 0.604). Caffeine reduced ratings of perceived exertion (mean difference: 0.5 ± 0.7; 95% likely range: 0.1 to 0.9) and heart rate (mean difference: 3.6 ± 4.2 bmin-1; 95% likely range: 1.3 to 5.8 bmin-1) during exercise, with the effect on the latter dissipating as exercise intensity increased. Supplement × exercise intensity interactions were observed for respiratory exchange ratio (p =
0.004) and minute ventilation (p = 0.034).
Conclusions
The results of the present study illustrate the clear, though often subtle, effects of caffeine on physiological responses to submaximal exercise. Researchers should be aware of these responses, particularly when evaluating the physiological effects of various experimental interventions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e0161375
Number of pages15
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2016

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