The future of robotic surgery

Andrew Brodie, Nikhil Vasdev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)
37 Downloads (Pure)


For 20 years Intuitive Surgical’s da Vinci® system has held the monopoly in minimally invasive robotic surgery. Restrictive patenting, a well-developed marketing strategy and a high-quality product have protected the company’s leading market share.1 However, owing to the nuances of US patenting law, many of Intuitive Surgical’s earliest patents will be expiring in the next couple of years. With such a shift in backdrop, many of Intuitive Surgical’s competitors (from medical and industrial robotic backgrounds) have initiated robotic programmes – some of which are available for clinical use now. The next section of the review will focus on new and developing robotic systems in the field of minimally invasive surgery (Table 1), single-site surgery (Table 2), natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) and non-minimally invasive robotic systems (Table 3).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-13
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Issue numberSuppl 7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2018


  • Equipment Design
  • Feedback, Physiological
  • Humans
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods
  • Nanomedicine/instrumentation
  • Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/instrumentation
  • Robotic Surgical Procedures/instrumentation


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