The GALAH+ Survey: Third Data Release

Sven Buder, Sanjib Sharma, Janez Kos, Anish M. Amarsi, Thomas Nordlander, Karin Lind, Sarah L. Martell, Martin Asplund, Joss Bland-Hawthorn, Andrew R. Casey, Gayandhi M. De Silva, Valentina D'Orazi, Ken C. Freeman, Michael R. Hayden, Geraint F. Lewis, Jane Lin, Katharine J. Schlesinger, Jeffrey D. Simpson, Dennis Stello, Daniel B. ZuckerTomaz Zwitter, Kevin L. Beeson, Tobias Buck, Luca Casagrande, Jake T. Clark, Klemen Cotar, Gary S. Da Costa, Richard de Grijs, Diane Feuillet, Jonathan Horner, Prajwal R. Kafle, Shourya Khanna, Chiaki Kobayashi, Fan Liu, Benjamin T. Montet, Govind Nandakumar, David M. Nataf, Melissa K. Ness, Lorenzo Spina, Thor Tepper-Garcia, Yuan-Sen Ting, Gregor Traven, Rok Vogrincic, Robert A. Wittenmyer, Rosemary F. G. Wyse, Marusa Zerjal, the GALAH collaboration

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Abstract

The ensemble of chemical element abundance measurements for stars, along with precision distances and orbit properties, provides high-dimensional data to study the evolution of the Milky Way. With this third data release of the Galactic Archaeology with HERMES (GALAH) survey, we publish 678 423 spectra for 588 571 mostly nearby stars (81.2% of stars are within 75 stellar clusters. We derive stellar parameters $T_\text{eff}$, $\log g$, [Fe/H], $v_\text{mic}$, $v_\text{broad}$ & $v_\text{rad}$ using our modified version of the spectrum synthesis code Spectroscopy Made Easy (SME) and 1D MARCS model atmospheres. We break spectroscopic degeneracies in our spectrum analysis with astrometry from $Gaia$ DR2 and photometry from 2MASS. We report abundance ratios [X/Fe] for 30 different elements (11 of which are based on non-LTE computations) covering five nucleosynthetic pathways. We describe validations for accuracy and precision, flagging of peculiar stars/measurements and recommendations for using our results. Our catalogue comprises 65% dwarfs, 34% giants, and 1% other/unclassified stars. Based on unflagged chemical composition and age, we find 62% young low-$\alpha$, 9% young high-$\alpha$, 27% old high-$\alpha$, and 2% stars with $\mathrm{[Fe/H]} \leq -1$. Based on kinematics, 4% are halo stars. Several Value-Added-Catalogues, including stellar ages and dynamics, updated after $Gaia$ eDR3, accompany this release and allow chrono-chemodynamic analyses, as we showcase.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberstab1242
Number of pages53
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Early online date6 May 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 May 2021

Keywords

  • astro-ph.GA
  • astro-ph.SR

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