The increasing indications of FDG-PET/CT in the staging and management of Invasive Bladder Cancer

Nicolas Pavlos Omorphos, Aruni Ghose, John Hayes, Abhinav Kandala, Prokar Dasgupta, Anand Sharma, Nikhil Vasdev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The management of locally advanced muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) often necessitates neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) to eliminate any micro-metastatic disease prior to definitive radical cystectomy (RC) and pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND). The most common imaging techniques traditionally used during this process are computerised tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), both of which lack a high sensitivity for nodal staging. In this paper, we attempt to review the evolving indications of F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computerised tomography (FDG-PET/CT) imaging, in the pre-clinical and post-treatment staging of bladder cancer, with a focus on its ability to evaluate response to NAC. We concluded that use of FDG-PET/CT allows for improved nodal staging and metastatic disease detection, compared to traditional imaging modalities. This enabled earlier detection of tumour response to NAC and/or residual disease, impacting factors such as duration of chemotherapy, with its associated adverse effects, and timing of surgical intervention. However, further studies are required to reliably assess its impact on both overall and disease-free survival.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Volume40
Issue number10
Early online date6 Jul 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2022

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The increasing indications of FDG-PET/CT in the staging and management of Invasive Bladder Cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this