The JCMT BISTRO Survey: Studying the Complex Magnetic Field of L43

Janik Karoly, Derek Ward-Thompson, Kate Pattle, David Berry, Anthony Whitworth, Jason Kirk, Pierre Bastien, Tao-Chung Ching, Simon Coudé, Jihye Hwang, Woojin Kwon, Archana Soam, Jia-Wei Wang, Tetsuo Hasegawa, Shih-Ping Lai, Keping Qiu, Doris Arzoumanian, Tyler L. Bourke, Do-Young Byun, Huei-Ru Vivien ChenWen Ping Chen, Mike Chen, Zhiwei Chen, Jungyeon Cho, Minho Choi, Youngwoo Choi, Yunhee Choi, Antonio Chrysostomou, Eun Jung Chung, Sophia Dai, Victor Debattista, James Di Francesco, Pham Ngoc Diep, Yasuo Doi, Hao-Yuan Duan, Yan Duan, Chakali Eswaraiah, Lapo Fanciullo, Jason Fiege, Laura M. Fissel, Erica Franzmann, Per Friberg, Rachel Friesen, Gary Fuller, Ray Furuya, Tim Gledhill, Sarah Graves, Jane Greaves, Matt Griffin, Qilao Gu, Ilseung Han, Thiem Hoang, Martin Houde, Charles L. H. Hull, Tsuyoshi Inoue, Shu-ichiro Inutsuka, Kazunari Iwasaki, Il-Gyo Jeong, Doug Johnstone, Vera Könyves, Ji-hyun Kang, Miju Kang, Akimasa Kataoka, Koji Kawabata, Francisca Kemper, Jongsoo Kim, Shinyoung Kim, Gwanjeong Kim, Kyoung Hee Kim, Mi-Ryang Kim, Kee-Tae Kim, Hyosung Kim, Florian Kirchschlager, Masato I. N. Kobayashi, Patrick M. Koch, Takayoshi Kusune, Jungmi Kwon, Kevin Lacaille, Chi-Yan Law, Chang Won Lee, Hyeseung Lee, Yong-Hee Lee, Chin-Fei Lee, Jeong-Eun Lee, Sang-Sung Lee, Dalei Li, Di Li, Guangxing Li, Hua-bai Li, Sheng-Jun Lin, Hong-Li Liu, Tie Liu, Sheng-Yuan Liu, Junhao Liu, Steven Longmore, Xing Lu, A-Ran Lyo, Steve Mairs, Masafumi Matsumura, Brenda Matthews, Gerald Moriarty-Schieven, Tetsuya Nagata, Fumitaka Nakamura, Hiroyuki Nakanishi, Nguyen Bich Ngoc, Nagayoshi Ohashi, Takashi Onaka, Geumsook Park, Harriet Parsons, Nicolas Peretto, Felix Priestley, Tae-Soo Pyo, Lei Qian, Ramprasad Rao, Jonathan Rawlings, Mark Rawlings, Brendan Retter, John Richer, Andrew Rigby, Sarah Sadavoy, Hiro Saito, Giorgio Savini, Masumichi Seta, Ekta Sharma, Yoshito Shimajiri, Hiroko Shinnaga, Mehrnoosh Tahani, Motohide Tamura, Ya-Wen Tang, Xindi Tang, Kohji Tomisaka, Le Ngoc Tram, Yusuke Tsukamoto, Serena Viti, Hongchi Wang, Jintai Wu, Jinjin Xie, Meng-Zhe Yang, Hsi-Wei Yen, Hyunju Yoo, Jinghua Yuan, Hyeong-Sik Yun, Tetsuya Zenko, Guoyin Zhang, Yapeng Zhang, Chuan-Peng Zhang, Jianjun Zhou, Lei Zhu, Ilse de Looze, Philippe André, C. Darren Dowell, David Eden, Stewart Eyres, Sam Falle, Valentin J. M. Le Gouellec, Frédérick Poidevin, Jean-François Robitaille, Sven van Loo

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Abstract

We present observations of polarized dust emission at 850 μm from the L43 molecular cloud, which sits in the Ophiuchus cloud complex. The data were taken using SCUBA-2/POL-2 on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope as a part of the BISTRO large program. L43 is a dense ( NH2∼1022 –1023 cm−2) complex molecular cloud with a submillimeter-bright starless core and two protostellar sources. There appears to be an evolutionary gradient along the isolated filament that L43 is embedded within, with the most evolved source closest to the Sco OB2 association. One of the protostars drives a CO outflow that has created a cavity to the southeast. We see a magnetic field that appears to be aligned with the cavity walls of the outflow, suggesting interaction with the outflow. We also find a magnetic field strength of up to ∼160 ± 30 μG in the main starless core and up to ∼90 ± 40 μG in the more diffuse, extended region. These field strengths give magnetically super- and subcritical values, respectively, and both are found to be roughly trans-Alfvénic. We also present a new method of data reduction for these denser but fainter objects like starless cores.
Original languageEnglish
Article number29
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Volume952
Issue number1
Early online date14 Jul 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • Dust continuum emission
  • Stellar-interstellar interactions
  • Starlight polarization
  • Young stellar objects
  • Molecular clouds
  • Interstellar magnetic fields

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