The JCMT Gould Belt survey: Evidence for radiative heating in serpens MWC 297 and its influence on local star formation

D. Rumble, J. Hatchell, R. A. Gutermuth, H. Kirk, J. Buckle, S. F. Beaulieu, D.S. Berry, H. Broekhoven-Fiene, M. J. Currie, M. Fich, T. Jenness, D. Johnstone, J. C. Mottram, D. Nutter, K. Pattle, J. E. Pineda, C. Quinn, C. Salji, S. Tisi, S. Walker-SmithJ. Di Francesco, M.R. Hogerheijde, D. Ward-Thompson, L.E. Allen, L. A. Cieza, M. M. Dunham, P. M. Harvey, K. R. Stapelfeldt, P. Bastien, H. Butner, M. Chen, A. Chrysostomou, S. Coude, C.J. Davis, E. Drabek-Maunder, A. Duarte-Cabral, J. Fiege, P. Friberg, R. Friesen, G.A. Fuller, S. Graves, J. Greaves, J. Gregson, W. Holland, G. Joncas, J.M. Kirk, L. B. G. Knee, S. Mairs, K. Marsh, B. C. Matthews, G. Moriarty-Schieven, J. Rawlings, J. Richer, D. Robertson, E. Rosolowsky, S. Sadavoy, H. Thomas, N. Tothill, S. Viti, G.J. White, C. D. Wilson, J. Wouterloot, J. Yates, M. Zhu

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We present SCUBA-2 450 and 850 μm observations of the Serpens MWC 297 region, part of the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) Gould Belt Survey of nearby star-forming regions. Simulations suggest that radiative feedback influences the star formation process and we investigate observational evidence for this by constructing temperature maps. Maps are derived from the ratio of SCUBA-2 fluxes and a two-component model of the JCMTbeam for a fixed dust opacity spectral index of β = 1.8.Within 40 arcsec of the B1.5Ve Herbig star MWC 297, the submillimetre fluxes are contaminated by free-free emission with a spectral index of 1.03 ± 0.02, consistent with an ultracompact HII region and polar winds/jets. Contamination accounts for 73 ± 5 per cent and 82 ± 4 per cent of peak flux at 450 μm and 850 μm, respectively. The residual thermal disc of the star is almost undetectable at these wavelengths. Young stellar objects (YSOs) are confirmed where SCUBA-2 850 μm clumps identified by the FELLWALKER algorithm coincide with Spitzer Gould Belt Survey detections. We identify 23 objects and use Tbol to classify nine YSOs with masses 0.09 to 5.1M⊙. We find two Class 0, one Class 0/I, three Class I and three Class II sources. The mean temperature is 15 ± 2 K for the nine YSOs and 32 ± 4 K for the 14 starless clumps. We observe a starless clump with an abnormally high mean temperature of 46 ± 2 K and conclude that it is radiatively heated by the star MWC 297. Jeans stability provides evidence that radiative heating by the star MWC 297 may be suppressing clump collapse.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1551-1573
Number of pages23
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
Early online date14 Feb 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015


  • Catalogues
  • HII regions
  • Radiative transfer
  • Stars: formation
  • Stars: protostars
  • Submillimetre: general


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