The O star hinterland of the Galactic starburst, NGC 3603

J. E. Drew, M. Monguió, N. J. Wright

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Abstract

The very bright and compact massive young cluster, NGC 3603, has been cited as an example of a starburst in the Milky Way and compared with the much-studied R136/30 Doradus region in the Large Magellanic Cloud. Here we build on the discovery by Mohr-Smith et al. of a large number of reddened O stars around this cluster. We construct a list of 288 candidate O stars with proper motions (PMs), in a region of sky spanning 1.5 × 1.5 deg 2 centred on NGC 3603, by cross-matching the Mohr-Smith et al. catalogue with Gaia DR2. This provides the basis for a first comprehensive examination of the PMs of these massive stars in the halo of NGC 3603, relative to the much better studied central region. We identify up to 11 likely O star ejections - 8 of which would have been ejected between 0.60 and 0.95 Myr ago (supporting the age of ∼1 Myr that has been attributed to the bright cluster centre). Seven candidate ejections are arranged in a partial ring to the south of the cluster core spanning radii of 9-18 arcmin (18-36 pc if the cluster is 7 kpc away). We also show that the cluster has a halo of a further ∼100 O stars extending to a radius of at least 5 arcmin, adding to the picture of NGC 3603 as a scaled down version of the R136/30 Dor region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1034-1044
Number of pages11
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume486
Issue number1
Early online date4 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • astro-ph.SR
  • astro-ph.GA
  • open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 3603
  • stars: early-type
  • stars: massive
  • proper motions

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