The path to improved reaction rates for astrophysics

T. Rauscher

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

93 Citations (Scopus)
89 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This review focuses on nuclear reactions in astrophysics and, more specifically, on reactions with light ions (nucleons and alpha particles) proceeding via the strong interaction. It is intended to present the basic definitions essential for studies in nuclear astrophysics, to point out the differences between nuclear reactions taking place in stars and in a terrestrial laboratory, and to illustrate some of the challenges to be faced in theoretical and experimental studies of those reactions. The discussion revolves around the relevant quantities for astrophysics, which are the astrophysical reaction rates. The sensitivity of the reaction rates to the uncertainties in the prediction of various nuclear properties is explored and some guidelines for experimentalists are also provided

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1071-1169
Number of pages99
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics E - Nuclear Physics
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2011

Keywords

  • THERMONUCLEAR REACTION-RATES
  • compound reactions
  • STATISTICAL-MODEL CALCULATIONS
  • R-PROCESS NUCLEOSYNTHESIS
  • nucleosynthesis
  • nuclear structure
  • Astrophysical reaction rates
  • COMPOUND-NUCLEUS REACTIONS
  • REACTION CROSS-SECTIONS
  • nuclear reactions
  • statistical model
  • ISOBARIC ANALOG RESONANCES
  • STELLAR REACTION-RATES
  • DIRECT REACTION-MECHANISM
  • DIRECT RADIATIVE-CAPTURE
  • direct reactions
  • NEUTRON-SCATTERING LENGTHS

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