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Thermal management is a critical challenge in advanced systems such as electric vehicles (EVs), electronic components, and photoelectric modules. Thermal alleviation is carried out through the cooling systems in which the coolant and the heat exchangers are the key components. The study examines recent literature on nanofluids and heat exchanger tubes along with state-of-the-art concepts being tested for heat transfer intensification. The performance of nanofluids in several common heat transfer tubes’ geometries/configurations and the effectiveness of novel heat transfer augmentation mechanisms are presented. Promising results have been reported, showing improved heat transfer parameters with the use of nanofluids and intensification mechanisms like turbulators, fins, grooves, and variations in temperature and flow velocity. These mechanisms enhance dispersion stability, achieve a more uniform temperature distribution, and reduce the boundary layer thickness, resulting in lower tube wall temperatures. Moreover, introducing flow pulsations and magnetic effects further enhances particle mobility and heat exchange. However, there are limitations, such as increased frictional losses and pressure drop due to magnetic effects. The combination of nanofluids, novel heat exchanger tube geometries, and turbulators holds great promise for highly efficient cooling systems in the future. The study also presents a bibliometric analysis that offers valuable insights into the impact and visibility of research in the integration of nanofluids into heat transfer systems. These insights aid in identifying emerging trends and advancing the field towards more efficient and compact systems, paving the way for future advancements.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103112
Pages (from-to)1-48
Number of pages48
JournalAdvances in Colloid and Interface Science
Early online date16 Feb 2024
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2024


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