The socially extended mind

Shaun Gallagher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Citations (Scopus)
195 Downloads (Pure)


I argue that social institutions, such as the legal system, educational and cultural institutions, and even science itself understood as an institution, can contribute to and even be constitutive of cognition. I review various arguments against the extended mind hypothesis and the parity principle in light of this perspective, and I suggest that this concept of the socially extended mind can serve as a useful tool for critical theory.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-12
JournalCognitive Systems Research
Early online date26 Mar 2013
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013


  • extended mind
  • parity principle
  • critical theory
  • institutions


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