Thermal, chemical, tensile and morphological characterization studies of bamboo fibre extracted from the indian species bambusa bambos

Suresh Sethu, Mayandi Kalimuthu, Rajini Nagarajan, Sikiru O Ismail, Kanniga Devi, M Muthukannan, M Murali, Faruq Mohammad, Hamad A Al-Lohedan

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The objective of this research is to investigate the extraction and characterization of a particular kind of Indian bamboo family plant known as Bambusa bambos. The fibres were extracted from the bamboo plant in the form of strips using the retting process and separated as thin fibres after the stamping process. The extracted raw bamboo fibres were chemically modified in a 5% alkali solution. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), x-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to investigate the thermal, crystalinity, and morphological properties of untreated and alkali (NaOH) treated bamboo fibres. The ASTM standard was followed for the chemical composition and tensile testing of raw and chemically treated bamboo fibres. In contrast to raw bamboo fibres, alkali-treated bamboo fibres had a 5% drop in hemicellulose concentration. In the alkali-treated state, weakly bonded containments were removed from the fiber's surface, exposing the cellulose over a wider surface area. As a result, the thermal stability of the alkali-treated fibres was enhanced as compared to raw bamboo fibres. The increased amount of cellulose content and decreasing aspect ratio of the alkali-treated bamboo fibers lead to increased tensile strength. A significant improvement in the crystallinity index (broad band width of the second peak) was observed in the alkali-treated condition, which may occur due to the removal of hemicelluloses. Based on their performance, the chemically treated bamboo fibres can be used as effective reinforcement elements for the development of polymer matrix composites in the automobile and construction industries.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105501
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalMaterials Research Express (MRX)
Issue number10
Early online date6 Oct 2023
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2023


  • chemical composition
  • bamboo fibre
  • morphology
  • bambusa bambo
  • thermal property.


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