Three-dimensional kinematic correlates of ball velocity during maximal instep soccer kicking in males

Jonathan Sinclair, David Fewtrell, Paul John Taylor, Lindsay Bottoms, Stephen Atkins, Sarah Jane Hobbs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
83 Downloads (Pure)


Achieving a high ball velocity is important during soccer shooting, as it gives the goalkeeper less time to react, thus improving a player's chance of scoring. This study aimed to identify important technical aspects of kicking linked to the generation of ball velocity using regression analyses. Maximal instep kicks were obtained from 22 academy-level soccer players using a 10-camera motion capture system sampling at 500 Hz. Three-dimensional kinematics of the lower extremity segments were obtained. Regression analysis was used to identify the kinematic parameters associated with the development of ball velocity. A single biomechanical parameter; knee extension velocity of the kicking limb at ball contact Adjusted R(2) = 0.39, p ≤ 0.01 was obtained as a significant predictor of ball-velocity. This study suggests that sagittal plane knee extension velocity is the strongest contributor to ball velocity and potentially overall kicking performance. It is conceivable therefore that players may benefit from exposure to coaching and strength techniques geared towards the improvement of knee extension angular velocity as highlighted in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)799-805
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Sport Science
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2014


  • Adolescent
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Male
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Regression Analysis
  • Soccer


Dive into the research topics of 'Three-dimensional kinematic correlates of ball velocity during maximal instep soccer kicking in males'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this