Towards understanding causality-a retrospective study of using explanations in interactions between a humanoid robot and autistic children

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Abstract

Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often struggle with visual perspective taking (VPT) skills and the understanding that others might have viewpoints and perspectives that are different from their own; i.e., the ability to understand that two or more people looking at the same object from different positions might not see the same thing. The understanding of VPT can be improved by introducing explicit causal explanations in the interactions involving autistic children. Moreover, the use of social robots can help autistic children improve their social skills. We present a retrospective study with Kaspar, a humanoid social robot specifically designed to interact with children with ASD, which aims to define the initial protocol for a study on the effect of causal explanation in VPT provided by Kaspar. To this end, we investigate in which scenarios causal explanations, provided either by researchers or by Kaspar, contribute substantially to the child's understanding of VPT. The results have helped us identify multiple interaction categories that benefit from causal explanation. We have used these results in order to define new interaction games that benefit from causal explanations. These are now progressing through usability assessment experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 31st IEEE International Conference on Robot & Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN)
Subtitle of host publicationSocial, Asocial, and Antisocial Robots
Place of PublicationNapoli, Italy
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Pages323-328
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-8859-1
ISBN (Print)978-1-6654-0680-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2022

Publication series

NameRO-MAN 2022 - 31st IEEE International Conference on Robot and Human Interactive Communication: Social, Asocial, and Antisocial Robots
ISSN (Print)1944-9445
ISSN (Electronic)1944-9437

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