Ultracool dwarfs identified using spectra in LAMOST DR7

You-Fen Wang, A-Li Luo, Wen-Ping Chen, Hugh R. A. Jones, Bing Du, Yin-Bi Li, Shuo Zhang, Zhong-Rui Bai, Xiao Kong, Yan-Xin Guo

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In this work, we identify 734 ultracool dwarfs with a spectral type of M6 or later, including one L0. Of this sample, 625 were studied spectroscopically for the first time. All of these ultracool dwarfs are within 360~pc, with a \textit{Gaia} G magnitude brighter than ~19.2 mag. By studying the spectra and checking their stellar parameters (Teff, logg, and [FeH] derived with the LAMOST pipeline, we found their cool red nature and their metallicity to be consistent with the nature of Galactic thin-disk objects. Furthermore, 77 of them show lithium absorption lines at 6708A, further indicating their young ages and substellar nature. Kinematics obtained through LAMOST radial velocities, along with the proper motion and parallax data from Gaia EDR3, also suggest that the majority of our targets are thin-disk objects. Kinematic ages were estimated through the relationship between the velocity dispersion and the average age for a certain population. Moreover, we identified 35 binaries, with 6 of them reported as binaries for the first time.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA38
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Early online date5 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2022


  • Binaries: visual
  • Brown dwarfs
  • Stars: late-type
  • Stars: low-mass
  • Surveys


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