Vat photopolymerization 3D printing for advanced drug delivery and medical device applications

Xiaoyan Xu, Atheer Awad, Pamela Robles-Martinez, Simon Gaisford, Alvaro Goyanes, Abdul W. Basit

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

106 Citations (Scopus)


Three-dimensional (3D) printing is transforming manufacturing paradigms within healthcare. Vat photopolymerization 3D printing technology combines the benefits of high resolution and favourable printing speed, offering a sophisticated approach to fabricate bespoke medical devices and drug delivery systems. Herein, an overview of the vat polymerization techniques, their unique applications in the fields of drug delivery and medical device fabrication, material examples and the advantages they provide within healthcare, is provided. The challenges and drawbacks presented by this technology are also discussed. It is forecast that the adoption of 3D printing could pave the way for a personalised health system, advancing from traditional treatments pathways towards digital healthcare.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)743-757
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2021


  • 3D printed drug products
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Personalized pharmaceuticals and medicines
  • Photopolymerisation
  • Stereolithographic printing
  • Stereolithography


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