What is the locus of the errorless-learning advantage?

M.P.A. Page, B.A. Wilson, A. Shiel, G. Carter, D. Norris

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    76 Citations (Scopus)
    69 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    In two experiments involving word-stem completion, an advantage was found for errorless- over errorful-learning conditions, for both severely and moderately memory-impaired participants. This advantage did not depend on the implicit/explicit nature of the question asked. Additional tests showed that subsequent recognition of target items was good for both groups, but only in the absence of lures derived from participants’ prior errors. Source memory was shown to be virtually absent in the severely impaired group and only weakly present in the moderately impaired group. This combination of results suggests that preserved implicit memory, in the absence of explicit memory, is sufficient for an errorless-learning advantage to accrue.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)90-100
    JournalNeuropsychologia
    Volume44
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

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