Who trusts the bank of England and high street banks in Britain?

Lisa Farrell, Jane M. Fry, Tim R.L. Fry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Following the global financial crisis (GFC) of 2008 there was recognition that client trust in financial institutions had been damaged. While institutional trust has become an accepted barometer, less is known about who trusts the banking and finance sector. This paper investigates the individual characteristics associated with trust for the Bank of England (BoE) and high street banks in Britain. Importantly, we consider this question in the context of a point in time, namely 2014. This is an important case study as it is some years after the initial impact of the GFC yet prior to the referendum vote for Britain to exit the European Union (Brexit) and coincides with the Scottish referendum. Our results suggest that the characteristics associated with trust in the BoE differ from those associated with trust in high street banks and other financial institutions. Specifically, older people, more educated people and people residing in London show higher levels of trust in the BoE. In terms of trust in the sector overall, we also find that positive perceptions on the availability of credit are correlated with higher levels of trust.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1886-1898
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Economics
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • banks
  • bivariate ordered probit
  • finance sector
  • Institutional trust


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