University of Hertfordshire

From the same journal

By the same authors


  • Junfeng Zhang
  • Yang Xu
  • Zehong Zhang
  • Yichuang Sun
  • Zhihua Wang
  • Baoyong Chi
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1303-1314
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Early online date16 Feb 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


A fourth-order quadrature bandpass continuous-time sigma-delta modulator for a dual-channel global navigation satellite system (GNSS) receiver is presented. With a bandwidth (BW) of 33 MHz, the modulator is able to digitalize the downconverted GNSS signals in two adjacent signal bands simultaneously, realizing dual-channel GNSS reception with one receiver channel instead of two independent receiver channels. To maintain the loop-stability of the high-order architecture, any extra loop phase shifting should be minimized. In the system architecture, a feedback and feedforward hybrid architecture is used to implement the fourth-order loop-filter, and a return-to-zero (RZ) feedback after the discrete-time differential operation is introduced into the input of the final integrator to realize the excess loop delay compensation, saving a spare summing amplifier. In the circuit implementation, power-efficient amplifiers with high-frequency active feedforward and antipole-splitting techniques are employed in the active RC integrators, and self-calibrated comparators are used to implement the low-power 3-b quantizers. These power saving techniques help achieve superior figure of merit for the presented modulator. With a sampling rate of 460 MHz, current-steering digital-analog converters are chosen to guarantee high conversion speed. Implemented in only 180-nm CMOS, the modulator achieves 62.1-dB peak signal to noise and distortion ratio, 64-dB dynamic range, and 59.3-dB image rejection ratio, with a BW of 33 MHz, and consumes 54.4 mW from a 1.8 V power supply.


This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of the following article: Junfeng Zhang, Yang Xu, Zehong Zhang, Yichuang Sun, Zhihua Wang, and Baoyong Chi, ‘A 10-b Fourth-Order Quadrature Bandpass Continuous-Time ΣΔ Modulator With 33-MHz Bandwidth for a Dual-Channel GNSS Receiver’, IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Practice, Vol. 65 (4): 1303-1314, first published online 16 February 2017. The version of record is available online at DOI: 10.1109/TMTT.2017.266237, Published by IEEE. © 2017 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

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