University of Hertfordshire

By the same authors

A 3-D Pareto-Based Shading Analysis on Solar Photovoltaic System Design Optimization

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Pedram Asef
  • Ramon Bargallo
  • Reza Barzegaran
  • Andrew Lapthorn
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)843-852
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy
Early online date21 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019


This paper utilizes a Pareto-based, three-dimensional (3-D) analysis to identify complete and partial shading of photovoltaic (PV) systems for a complicated urban environment, where unusual shape of PV and installation topology is studied. The Pareto optimization attempts to minimize losses in a certain area with an improved output energy and without compromising the overall efficiency of the system of which the nominal operating cell temperature (NOCT) for a glass/glass-module is considered as a significant parameter. The system is referenced to the environment based on IEC61215 via a closed-circuit and resistive load to ensure the module operates at the maximum power point. A maximum power point tracking controller is enhanced with an advanced perturb and observe algorithm to maintain the PV operating point at its maximum output under various working conditions. The most cost-effective design of the PV module is achieved via optimizing installation parameters such as tilt angle, pitch, and shading to improve the energy yield. The parameter settings and suitability of the design are also determined based on the reduced amount of CO 2 emissions. An experimental investigation has been carried out to verify the 3-D shading analysis and NOCT technique for both open-circuit and grid-connected PV modules.

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