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A matter of life and death: substance-caused and substance-related fatalities in Ibiza in 2015

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A matter of life and death : substance-caused and substance-related fatalities in Ibiza in 2015. / Santacroce, Rita; Ruiz Bennasar, Claudia; Sancho Jaraiz, Juan Ramon; Fiori, Federica; Sarchione, Fabiola; Angelini, Federica; Catalano, Gabriella; Carenti, Maria Luisa; Corkery, John Martin; Schifano, Fabrizio; di Giannantonio, Massimo; Martinotti, Giovanni.

In: Human Psychopharmacology, Vol. 32, No. 3, e2592, 28.06.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Santacroce, R, Ruiz Bennasar, C, Sancho Jaraiz, JR, Fiori, F, Sarchione, F, Angelini, F, Catalano, G, Carenti, ML, Corkery, JM, Schifano, F, di Giannantonio, M & Martinotti, G 2017, 'A matter of life and death: substance-caused and substance-related fatalities in Ibiza in 2015', Human Psychopharmacology, vol. 32, no. 3, e2592. https://doi.org/10.1002/hup.2592

APA

Santacroce, R., Ruiz Bennasar, C., Sancho Jaraiz, J. R., Fiori, F., Sarchione, F., Angelini, F., Catalano, G., Carenti, M. L., Corkery, J. M., Schifano, F., di Giannantonio, M., & Martinotti, G. (2017). A matter of life and death: substance-caused and substance-related fatalities in Ibiza in 2015. Human Psychopharmacology, 32(3), [e2592]. https://doi.org/10.1002/hup.2592

Vancouver

Santacroce R, Ruiz Bennasar C, Sancho Jaraiz JR, Fiori F, Sarchione F, Angelini F et al. A matter of life and death: substance-caused and substance-related fatalities in Ibiza in 2015. Human Psychopharmacology. 2017 Jun 28;32(3). e2592. https://doi.org/10.1002/hup.2592

Author

Santacroce, Rita ; Ruiz Bennasar, Claudia ; Sancho Jaraiz, Juan Ramon ; Fiori, Federica ; Sarchione, Fabiola ; Angelini, Federica ; Catalano, Gabriella ; Carenti, Maria Luisa ; Corkery, John Martin ; Schifano, Fabrizio ; di Giannantonio, Massimo ; Martinotti, Giovanni. / A matter of life and death : substance-caused and substance-related fatalities in Ibiza in 2015. In: Human Psychopharmacology. 2017 ; Vol. 32, No. 3.

Bibtex

@article{9144462579a64c3499d06d6f03e88826,
title = "A matter of life and death: substance-caused and substance-related fatalities in Ibiza in 2015",
abstract = "Objectives and methods: In the framework of the EU-funded project “EU-Madness,” we collected and analysed all the reports of fatalities directly or indirectly related to substances of abuse registered in Ibiza from January to September 2015, in order to analyse the characteristics of the sample, the identified substances, and the nature of deaths associated with their consumption. Results: A significant increase of substance-caused deaths with respect to the previous 4 years has been highlighted. Most of the subjects were young males, more than half were not Spanish. Males prevailed also amongst the victims of traffic accidents and suicides. The most commonly involved substances included MDMA, alcohol, cocaine, THC, opiates and prescription drugs. Conclusions: Although the use of NPS is rapidly increasing in Europe, according to the results from our sample, alcohol and well-known stimulants (MDMA and cocaine) are still the substances of abuse mainly involved in the cases of substance-caused and substance-related fatalities. The significant increase of fatalities in Ibiza in the last 5 years is an issue that must be taken into account and should be better investigated, as other theories besides NPS-increased diffusion should be proposed, and therefore, targeted prevention strategies should be designed.",
keywords = "alcohol, cocaine, drug-related deaths, fatalities, novel psychoactive substances",
author = "Rita Santacroce and {Ruiz Bennasar}, Claudia and {Sancho Jaraiz}, {Juan Ramon} and Federica Fiori and Fabiola Sarchione and Federica Angelini and Gabriella Catalano and Carenti, {Maria Luisa} and Corkery, {John Martin} and Fabrizio Schifano and {di Giannantonio}, Massimo and Giovanni Martinotti",
note = "This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: Rita Santacroce, et al, 'A matter of life and death: substance-caused and substance-related fatalities in Ibiza in 2015', Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical & Experimental, Vol. 32 (3), e2592, May 2017, which has been published in final form at DOI: 10.1002/hup.2592. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving. The Accepted Manuscript is under embargo. Embargo end date: 18 May 2018.",
year = "2017",
month = jun,
day = "28",
doi = "10.1002/hup.2592",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
journal = "Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental",
issn = "0885-6222",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A matter of life and death

T2 - substance-caused and substance-related fatalities in Ibiza in 2015

AU - Santacroce, Rita

AU - Ruiz Bennasar, Claudia

AU - Sancho Jaraiz, Juan Ramon

AU - Fiori, Federica

AU - Sarchione, Fabiola

AU - Angelini, Federica

AU - Catalano, Gabriella

AU - Carenti, Maria Luisa

AU - Corkery, John Martin

AU - Schifano, Fabrizio

AU - di Giannantonio, Massimo

AU - Martinotti, Giovanni

N1 - This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: Rita Santacroce, et al, 'A matter of life and death: substance-caused and substance-related fatalities in Ibiza in 2015', Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical & Experimental, Vol. 32 (3), e2592, May 2017, which has been published in final form at DOI: 10.1002/hup.2592. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving. The Accepted Manuscript is under embargo. Embargo end date: 18 May 2018.

PY - 2017/6/28

Y1 - 2017/6/28

N2 - Objectives and methods: In the framework of the EU-funded project “EU-Madness,” we collected and analysed all the reports of fatalities directly or indirectly related to substances of abuse registered in Ibiza from January to September 2015, in order to analyse the characteristics of the sample, the identified substances, and the nature of deaths associated with their consumption. Results: A significant increase of substance-caused deaths with respect to the previous 4 years has been highlighted. Most of the subjects were young males, more than half were not Spanish. Males prevailed also amongst the victims of traffic accidents and suicides. The most commonly involved substances included MDMA, alcohol, cocaine, THC, opiates and prescription drugs. Conclusions: Although the use of NPS is rapidly increasing in Europe, according to the results from our sample, alcohol and well-known stimulants (MDMA and cocaine) are still the substances of abuse mainly involved in the cases of substance-caused and substance-related fatalities. The significant increase of fatalities in Ibiza in the last 5 years is an issue that must be taken into account and should be better investigated, as other theories besides NPS-increased diffusion should be proposed, and therefore, targeted prevention strategies should be designed.

AB - Objectives and methods: In the framework of the EU-funded project “EU-Madness,” we collected and analysed all the reports of fatalities directly or indirectly related to substances of abuse registered in Ibiza from January to September 2015, in order to analyse the characteristics of the sample, the identified substances, and the nature of deaths associated with their consumption. Results: A significant increase of substance-caused deaths with respect to the previous 4 years has been highlighted. Most of the subjects were young males, more than half were not Spanish. Males prevailed also amongst the victims of traffic accidents and suicides. The most commonly involved substances included MDMA, alcohol, cocaine, THC, opiates and prescription drugs. Conclusions: Although the use of NPS is rapidly increasing in Europe, according to the results from our sample, alcohol and well-known stimulants (MDMA and cocaine) are still the substances of abuse mainly involved in the cases of substance-caused and substance-related fatalities. The significant increase of fatalities in Ibiza in the last 5 years is an issue that must be taken into account and should be better investigated, as other theories besides NPS-increased diffusion should be proposed, and therefore, targeted prevention strategies should be designed.

KW - alcohol

KW - cocaine

KW - drug-related deaths

KW - fatalities

KW - novel psychoactive substances

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85019870501&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/hup.2592

DO - 10.1002/hup.2592

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85019870501

VL - 32

JO - Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental

JF - Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental

SN - 0885-6222

IS - 3

M1 - e2592

ER -