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A randomised controlled trial of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the management of rotator cuff related shoulder pain. / Sandford, Fiona; Sanders, Thomas; Wilson, Hannah; Lewis, Jeremy.

In: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, Vol. 4, No. 1, e000414, 19.10.2018, p. e000414.

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@article{bce4878f0671456c924e8c1987d68e6f,
title = "A randomised controlled trial of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the management of rotator cuff related shoulder pain",
abstract = "Study design Multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomised clinical trial.Objectives To compare the effectiveness of long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) as part of the management for people diagnosed with rotator cuff related shoulder pain (RCRSP).Summary of background Although there is no robust evidence to support their use, omega-3 PUFAs have been recommended for those with tendinopathy due to their potential to moderate inflammation.Methods Participants with RCRSP (n=73) were randomised to take either nine MaxEPA capsules providing 1.53 g eicosapentaenoic acid, 1.04 g docosahexaenoic acid or nine matching placebo capsules containing oleic acid per day for 8 weeks. In addition, participants attended an exercise/education programme for 8 weeks. Participants were assessed at prerandomisation, 8 weeks (primary outcome point), 3 months, 6 months and 12 months (secondary outcome point). Primary outcome was the Oxford Shoulder Score (OSS). Secondary outcomes included the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI), Patient Specific Functional Score, Euro Qol 5D-3L, Short Form 36, global rating of change and impairment measurements. Analysis was by intention to treat.Results Difference in the change in the OSS between the two groups at 2 months was –0.1 (95% CI −2.6 to 2.5, p=0.95). The change in SPADI scores was −8.3 (95% CI −15.6 to −0.94, p=0.03, analysed by analysis of covariance adjusted for baseline) at 3 months.Conclusion Omega-3 PUFA supplementation may have a modest effect on disability and pain outcomes in RCRSP.",
keywords = "exercise, rehabilitation, shoulder, supplements, tendinopathy",
author = "Fiona Sandford and Thomas Sanders and Hannah Wilson and Jeremy Lewis",
year = "2018",
month = oct,
day = "19",
doi = "10.1136/bmjsem-2018-000414",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "e000414",
journal = "BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine",
issn = "2055-7647",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A randomised controlled trial of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the management of rotator cuff related shoulder pain

AU - Sandford, Fiona

AU - Sanders, Thomas

AU - Wilson, Hannah

AU - Lewis, Jeremy

PY - 2018/10/19

Y1 - 2018/10/19

N2 - Study design Multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomised clinical trial.Objectives To compare the effectiveness of long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) as part of the management for people diagnosed with rotator cuff related shoulder pain (RCRSP).Summary of background Although there is no robust evidence to support their use, omega-3 PUFAs have been recommended for those with tendinopathy due to their potential to moderate inflammation.Methods Participants with RCRSP (n=73) were randomised to take either nine MaxEPA capsules providing 1.53 g eicosapentaenoic acid, 1.04 g docosahexaenoic acid or nine matching placebo capsules containing oleic acid per day for 8 weeks. In addition, participants attended an exercise/education programme for 8 weeks. Participants were assessed at prerandomisation, 8 weeks (primary outcome point), 3 months, 6 months and 12 months (secondary outcome point). Primary outcome was the Oxford Shoulder Score (OSS). Secondary outcomes included the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI), Patient Specific Functional Score, Euro Qol 5D-3L, Short Form 36, global rating of change and impairment measurements. Analysis was by intention to treat.Results Difference in the change in the OSS between the two groups at 2 months was –0.1 (95% CI −2.6 to 2.5, p=0.95). The change in SPADI scores was −8.3 (95% CI −15.6 to −0.94, p=0.03, analysed by analysis of covariance adjusted for baseline) at 3 months.Conclusion Omega-3 PUFA supplementation may have a modest effect on disability and pain outcomes in RCRSP.

AB - Study design Multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomised clinical trial.Objectives To compare the effectiveness of long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) as part of the management for people diagnosed with rotator cuff related shoulder pain (RCRSP).Summary of background Although there is no robust evidence to support their use, omega-3 PUFAs have been recommended for those with tendinopathy due to their potential to moderate inflammation.Methods Participants with RCRSP (n=73) were randomised to take either nine MaxEPA capsules providing 1.53 g eicosapentaenoic acid, 1.04 g docosahexaenoic acid or nine matching placebo capsules containing oleic acid per day for 8 weeks. In addition, participants attended an exercise/education programme for 8 weeks. Participants were assessed at prerandomisation, 8 weeks (primary outcome point), 3 months, 6 months and 12 months (secondary outcome point). Primary outcome was the Oxford Shoulder Score (OSS). Secondary outcomes included the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI), Patient Specific Functional Score, Euro Qol 5D-3L, Short Form 36, global rating of change and impairment measurements. Analysis was by intention to treat.Results Difference in the change in the OSS between the two groups at 2 months was –0.1 (95% CI −2.6 to 2.5, p=0.95). The change in SPADI scores was −8.3 (95% CI −15.6 to −0.94, p=0.03, analysed by analysis of covariance adjusted for baseline) at 3 months.Conclusion Omega-3 PUFA supplementation may have a modest effect on disability and pain outcomes in RCRSP.

KW - exercise

KW - rehabilitation

KW - shoulder

KW - supplements

KW - tendinopathy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85055719517&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1136/bmjsem-2018-000414

DO - 10.1136/bmjsem-2018-000414

M3 - Article

VL - 4

SP - e000414

JO - BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine

JF - BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine

SN - 2055-7647

IS - 1

M1 - e000414

ER -