University of Hertfordshire

By the same authors

A Robust Document Identification Framework through f-BP Fingerprint

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Francesco Guarnera
  • Oliver Giudice
  • Dario Allegra
  • Filippo Stanco
  • Sebastiano Battiato
  • Salvatore Livatino
  • Vito Matranga
  • Angelo Salici
View graph of relations
Original languageEnglish
Article number126
Pages (from-to)e126
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Imaging
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jul 2021


The identification of printed materials is a critical and challenging issue for security purposes, especially when it comes to documents such as banknotes, tickets, or rare collectable cards: eligible targets for ad hoc forgery. State-of-the-art methods require expensive and specific industrial equipment, while a low-cost, fast, and reliable solution for document identification is increasingly needed in many contexts. This paper presents a method to generate a robust fingerprint,
by the extraction of translucent patterns from paper sheets, and exploiting the peculiarities of binary pattern descriptors. A final descriptor is generated by employing a block-based solution followed by principal component analysis (PCA), to reduce the overall data to be processed. To validate the robustness of the proposed method, a novel dataset was created and recognition tests were performed under both ideal and noisy conditions.


© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (

ID: 25665996