University of Hertfordshire

A Sort of Modern(ist) Vitalism? Soviet Darwinism as a Means to Regenerate the Wounded in WWII

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Standard

A Sort of Modern(ist) Vitalism? Soviet Darwinism as a Means to Regenerate the Wounded in WWII. / Simpson, Pat.

Modern Art and Vitalist Modernism: Organicism and the New Sciences. ed. / Fae Brauer. London and New York : Routledge, 2020. (Science and the Arts Since 1750).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Harvard

Simpson, P 2020, A Sort of Modern(ist) Vitalism? Soviet Darwinism as a Means to Regenerate the Wounded in WWII. in F Brauer (ed.), Modern Art and Vitalist Modernism: Organicism and the New Sciences. Science and the Arts Since 1750, Routledge, London and New York.

APA

Simpson, P. (Accepted/In press). A Sort of Modern(ist) Vitalism? Soviet Darwinism as a Means to Regenerate the Wounded in WWII. In F. Brauer (Ed.), Modern Art and Vitalist Modernism: Organicism and the New Sciences (Science and the Arts Since 1750). Routledge.

Vancouver

Simpson P. A Sort of Modern(ist) Vitalism? Soviet Darwinism as a Means to Regenerate the Wounded in WWII. In Brauer F, editor, Modern Art and Vitalist Modernism: Organicism and the New Sciences. London and New York: Routledge. 2020. (Science and the Arts Since 1750).

Author

Simpson, Pat. / A Sort of Modern(ist) Vitalism? Soviet Darwinism as a Means to Regenerate the Wounded in WWII. Modern Art and Vitalist Modernism: Organicism and the New Sciences. editor / Fae Brauer. London and New York : Routledge, 2020. (Science and the Arts Since 1750).

Bibtex

@inbook{9793e139ea7b4968985e726d074bdf3b,
title = "A Sort of Modern(ist) Vitalism? Soviet Darwinism as a Means to Regenerate the Wounded in WWII",
abstract = "This paper speculatively explores the vitalist implications of the propagandistic visual presentations about Darwinism and natural history given to wounded Soviet soldiers and grieving widows during WWII, by the Directors of the Darwin Museum (Moscow) and their son, Rudi. Post-war, as a reward for such activities, these individuals were all given medals extolling their patriotism and contributions to the defence of Moscow against the Nazi invaders. Apparently, the Soviet government regarded their activities as having been politically and ideologically significant. Why? As Aleksandr Vucinich has argued, vitalism and neo-vitalism in their more metaphysically orientated forms seem to have held no real interest for Russian experimental bio-scientists and natural historians. This was to carry on into the Soviet period. Yet, as Vucinich has also argued, the blurring of boundaries within Russian (and later Soviet) scientific thought, between Darwin{\textquoteright}s notion of the “struggle for existence” and apparently Lamarckian ideas on the inheritability of acquired characteristics and the action of will, allowed for a vitalist element to continue to exist in Soviet Darwinism. My argument will suggest that both the impetus towards the wartime activities of the Moscow Darwin Museum, and the accolades awarded by the Soviet government, may relate to a non- metaphysical element of vitalism, buried deep inside the Russian and Soviet construct of Darwinism, and increasingly entrenched during Trofim Lysenko{\textquoteright}s rise to power. ",
author = "Pat Simpson",
year = "2020",
month = mar,
day = "23",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780367493042",
series = "Science and the Arts Since 1750",
publisher = "Routledge",
editor = "Fae Brauer",
booktitle = "Modern Art and Vitalist Modernism: Organicism and the New Sciences",
address = "United Kingdom",

}

RIS

TY - CHAP

T1 - A Sort of Modern(ist) Vitalism? Soviet Darwinism as a Means to Regenerate the Wounded in WWII

AU - Simpson, Pat

PY - 2020/3/23

Y1 - 2020/3/23

N2 - This paper speculatively explores the vitalist implications of the propagandistic visual presentations about Darwinism and natural history given to wounded Soviet soldiers and grieving widows during WWII, by the Directors of the Darwin Museum (Moscow) and their son, Rudi. Post-war, as a reward for such activities, these individuals were all given medals extolling their patriotism and contributions to the defence of Moscow against the Nazi invaders. Apparently, the Soviet government regarded their activities as having been politically and ideologically significant. Why? As Aleksandr Vucinich has argued, vitalism and neo-vitalism in their more metaphysically orientated forms seem to have held no real interest for Russian experimental bio-scientists and natural historians. This was to carry on into the Soviet period. Yet, as Vucinich has also argued, the blurring of boundaries within Russian (and later Soviet) scientific thought, between Darwin’s notion of the “struggle for existence” and apparently Lamarckian ideas on the inheritability of acquired characteristics and the action of will, allowed for a vitalist element to continue to exist in Soviet Darwinism. My argument will suggest that both the impetus towards the wartime activities of the Moscow Darwin Museum, and the accolades awarded by the Soviet government, may relate to a non- metaphysical element of vitalism, buried deep inside the Russian and Soviet construct of Darwinism, and increasingly entrenched during Trofim Lysenko’s rise to power.

AB - This paper speculatively explores the vitalist implications of the propagandistic visual presentations about Darwinism and natural history given to wounded Soviet soldiers and grieving widows during WWII, by the Directors of the Darwin Museum (Moscow) and their son, Rudi. Post-war, as a reward for such activities, these individuals were all given medals extolling their patriotism and contributions to the defence of Moscow against the Nazi invaders. Apparently, the Soviet government regarded their activities as having been politically and ideologically significant. Why? As Aleksandr Vucinich has argued, vitalism and neo-vitalism in their more metaphysically orientated forms seem to have held no real interest for Russian experimental bio-scientists and natural historians. This was to carry on into the Soviet period. Yet, as Vucinich has also argued, the blurring of boundaries within Russian (and later Soviet) scientific thought, between Darwin’s notion of the “struggle for existence” and apparently Lamarckian ideas on the inheritability of acquired characteristics and the action of will, allowed for a vitalist element to continue to exist in Soviet Darwinism. My argument will suggest that both the impetus towards the wartime activities of the Moscow Darwin Museum, and the accolades awarded by the Soviet government, may relate to a non- metaphysical element of vitalism, buried deep inside the Russian and Soviet construct of Darwinism, and increasingly entrenched during Trofim Lysenko’s rise to power.

M3 - Chapter (peer-reviewed)

SN - 9780367493042

T3 - Science and the Arts Since 1750

BT - Modern Art and Vitalist Modernism: Organicism and the New Sciences

A2 - Brauer, Fae

PB - Routledge

CY - London and New York

ER -