University of Hertfordshire

By the same authors


  • Tom De Vuyst
  • Rade Vignjevic
  • Adrian Azorin Albero
  • Kevin Hughes
  • James C. Campbell
  • Nenad Djordjevic
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-366
Number of pages16
JournalEngineering Transactions
Publication statusPublished - 2016


This paper presents the results of an investigation of the ballistic limits and failure modes of AA2024-T351 sheets impacted by spherical and cubical projectiles. The investigation included a series of impact experiments and numerical simulations. The lowest ballistic limit (225 m/s) was observed for the spherical projectile. In the cube impacts the ballistic limit was 254 m/s. With the aid of the finite element models it was possible to develop a better understanding of the test results and explain that the observed differences in the impact responses are due to the combination of the localised deformation near the projectile impact point and the resulting global, dishing, deformation.


© 2014 by Institute of Fundamental Technological Research Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

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