University of Hertfordshire

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3052-3064
Number of pages13
JournalIET Control Theory & Applications
Early online date5 Dec 2019
Publication statusPublished - 17 Dec 2019


This study proposes a new non-linear positive model with distributed time-delay describing the dynamics of leukaemic cells lineages and their levels of maturity. The dynamic model is first reformulated into coupled non-linear equations with distributed time-delay using an appropriate transformation of the age-structured transport partial differential equations that govern the dynamics of leukaemic cell populations. After assessing the positiveness of the proposed model, the conditions for the existence of positive steady-states are established. Furthermore, the necessary and sufficient conditions for boundedness of the solutions are derived. Finally, the convergence of the proposed model to the origin is studied as this has an important biological interpretation which is the extinction of all generations of leukaemic cells following anti-leukaemia treatments. To investigate the global asymptotic stability of this important equilibrium point, both model properties (i.e. positiveness and boundedness) are used to construct a suitable Lyapunov function for the characterisation of leukaemic cells dynamics. The results demonstrate a significant improvement for the treatment of leukaemia. Some simulations are presented to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed model.


© 2019 IEEE.

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