University of Hertfordshire

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Bands of NaH lines in Spectra of Late Type Stars

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-165
Number of pages7
JournalKinematics and Physics of Celestial Bodies
Volume38
Issue3
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 25 Oct 2021

Abstract

Abstract: The absorption of radiation by systems of NaH molecule bands in the atmospheres of late-type stars is modeled. Calculations of synthetic spectra with model atmosphere parameters, which corresponds to M stars, show that the lines of this molecule form notable spectral details approximately the same intensity at wavelengths from λ ≈ 380 nm to almost ~1100 nm. The recently calculated parameters of the NaH molecule from the Exomol database, as well as a new value of the dissociation potential of this molecule D0 = 1.975, were used in the calculations. The dependences of the calculated spectral energy distributions on the dissociation potential of the NaH molecule and on the parameters of the stellar atmospheres (Teff, log g, [Fe/H]) were considered. Analysis of synthetic spectra shows that the lines of the NaH molecule become weak with temperature increasing and gravity decreasing in the stellar atmosphere. Thus, sodium hydride lines cannot be observed either in stars with effective temperatures corresponding to early M stars nor in M giants. NaH lines should appear only in the spectra of cold dwarfs, although the strong absorption of other molecules (TiO, CrH, and FeH) in visible and near-infrared region of the spectrum and absorption by atoms in the blue region make the NaH lines' detection a very complicated task. The energy distribution in the spectrum of the red dwarf VB 10 (M8V) in the blue region of the spectrum is modeled. The results of the analysis show that, under normal conditions and close to the solar chemical composition, NaH molecules provide only an additional component in the opacity of the spectra of cold dwarfs and substellar objects.

Notes

Funding Information: The work was carried out within the framework of budget financing of the research project (registration no. 14006632), funded by the Section of Physics and Astronomy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. This study used data from the SIMBAD database (simbad.u-strasbg.fr/simbad) operating at CDS (Strasbourg, France), the VALD3 database (vald.astro.uu.se) operating at Uppsala University, Institute of Astronomy of Russian Academy of Sciences, and the University of Vienna, and data from the ExoMol spectral line database maintained by Advanced Investigator Projects 267219 and 883830. The observational data was obtained from the European Organization for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere as part of the ESO 072 programs. Funding Information: The work was carried out within the framework of budget financing of the research project (registration no. 14006632), funded by the Section of Physics and Astronomy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. This study used data from the SIMBAD database (simbad.u-strasbg.fr/simbad) operating at CDS (Strasbourg, France), the VALD3 database (vald.astro.uu.se) operating at Uppsala University, Institute of Astronomy of Russian Academy of Sciences, and the University of Vienna, and data from the ExoMol spectral line database maintained by Advanced Investigator Projects 267219 and 883830. The observational data was obtained from the European Organization for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere as part of the ESO 072 programs. Publisher Copyright: © 2022, Allerton Press, Inc.

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